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SCAP Smallholder Conservation Agriculture Promotion (SCAP) in Western and Central Africa
Co financé par le Fida, l’ Afd, le Cirad et les pays Partenaires en 2008 , le projet SCAP vise à développer les techniques de l’agriculture de conservation selon une approche participative associant Recherche agronomique et partenaires du développement en Guinée , au Burkina Faso et au Niger.
The past few decades have witnessed a transformation in the demography and agricultural economy in much of Western and Central Africa (WCA). This transformation has featured population growth, urbanization, agroecosystem intensification in better endowed areas including forest zones, and the expansion of cultivated area onto increasingly marginal lands – a process resulting in a shortened fallow period that ultimately affects soil fertility. Furthermore, in many areas, livestock management has progressively become less migratory and more sedentary.
Though about 19% of the region’s imports must still be devoted to food products, with these changes, the agricultural sector has been able to feed the rapidly growing rural and urban populations. The observed increase in production, however, has come at a cost with extensive damage to the agricultural resource base through land degradation mainly as a result of deforestation, soil erosion and reduced soil fertility.
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Smallholder Conservation Agriculture Promotion (SCAP)
[ Résumé ]
Programme for strengthening livelihood strategies and socio-economic growth among farming communities in Western and Central Africa through sustainable application of conservation agriculture.